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MBA英語_如何利用標點符號提升大答題速度

2019-06-24 10:57 | 太奇MBA網

  MBA英語:標點符號暗藏的玄機

  讀成績不理想?除了詞匯量差,句子結構看不懂這些硬傷,其實你還忽略了標點符號里隱藏的玄機,這些標點符號對于提升閱讀做題速度、迅速找出答案也是大有幫助的.....太|奇帶你看看標點里的玄機。

  逗號

  用于分割并列成分。考研重點:兩個逗號之間,或者一個逗號之后,如果是補充說明成分時,跳過不看。Eg. Some huge American industries, such as consumer electronics, had shrunk or vanished in the face of foreign competition.

  句號

  ①用于陳述句,表示一個句子的結束, 起分割切分句子作用。

  ②用于某些縮略詞之后。比如Mr.、 Ms.、 etc。等等。如果句號作為簡寫符號使用,那么這個詞語簡寫前后面的符號應該照常寫上,因為簡寫號并非句號,也不遵循句號的語法。比如Entreprise Co., Ltd或者I invited Tom, Jerry, etc..(注意兩個點)。

  ③用作小數點

  問號

  考研英語閱讀文章中的問號一般都是設問的功能,只問不答,答案不言自明。Eg1. 考研難道沒有價值嗎?另外,如果開篇就是問句,那么則屬于問題答案型文章,對問題的回答就是全文主旨。

  冒號

  冒號前后是從抽象到具體的過程,后面進一步補充說明前面的內容。

  Eg.1997 passage 3 Q2

  60. The word "pervasive" (Line 1, Paragraph 2) might mean ________。

  [A] widespread [B] overwhelming

  [C] piercing [D] fashionable

  We live in a society in which the medicinal and social use of substances (drugs) is pervasive: an aspirin to quiet a headache, some wine to be sociable, coffee to get going in the morning, a cigarette for the nerves。

  分號

  前后是并列關系,包括結構上并列和語義上的并列。

  For us, this means that evolution is over; the biological Utopia has arrived. (2000 Passage2)

  引號

  ①引用 ②強調 ③諷刺

  Eg1 "Scientific" creationism, which is being pushed by some for "equal time" in the classrooms whenever the scientific accounts of evolution are given, is based on religion, not science。

  括號

  ①解釋說明生詞。②補充說明

  Drugs (substances) that affect the central nervous system and alter perception, mood, and behavior are known as psychoactive substances. (1997,Text 3)

  破折號

  ①一個破折號后面起補充說明或評價判斷。

  I am an idiot - the stupidest kind of all。

  "This book stands for reason itself。" And so it does - and all would be well were reason the only judge in the creationism/evolution debate。

  ②兩破折號之間其補充說明,可先跳過不看。

  In Australia-where an aging population, life-extending technology and changing community attitudes have all played their part-other states are going to consider making a similar law to deal with euthanasia。

  省略號

  英文中的省略號的作用和漢語是一樣的。當省略號在句圍并且有下文時,應該打四個點,最后一個為句號。如:And it flew further, and further, and further.... Jorge smiled and turned back。當省略號在句尾并作為語氣延長的作用時,應使用修辭前的標點,如:Do you love me...?其余情況下使用三個點。如:The Martians...they just...just bombed our...our town, please send...more.

  

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